Category Archives: Meteorology & Much More

Tornado Quest Science Links Week In Review For February 19 – 26, 2018

Greetings everyone! I hope that the weather is to your liking wherever you are. February has been interesting across much of North America with record highs set in many eastern states. We’ve also seen a small increase in the number of severe weather events. It’s that time of year to prepare for severe weather and review safety precautions. There’s plenty to go over, so let’s get started.

For your consideration, here are this week’s links…


If you love weather and want to get involved in citizen science, the CoCoRaHS precipitation network is an excellent way to collect valuable data.


A fascinating read on the history of our humble home. “Plants Colonized The Earth 100 Million Years Earlier Than Previously Thought.”

Here’s a fascinating read for my fellow dinosaur fans. “Paleontologists Discovered A Huge Ancient Fossils Trove In Bears Ears National Monument.”


Are Americans hitting their breaking point on the environment? It appears that is the case.

Can you reduce or do without plastics in your life? Some have tried…and found it challenging.

Floating wind farms are becoming a major source of power in many locations. With many countries having windy areas relatively close to shore, this is a trend that has fantastic potential.

Why do kids need to climb trees? For any number of positive reasons including getting in touch (literally) with nature…plants, soil, and those amazing clouds that fill our skies.

Take a look at some amazing photos from the 2017 International Landscape Photographer of the Year contest.


The latest State Of The Climate Report has been issued. January 2018 was the fifth warmest on record for the globe. The map below is a look at some selected climate anomalies and events for the first month of 2018. The main takeaway…it was a very warm month from a global perspective.

Map courtesy NOAA

For meteorologists, this is BIG news! “Here are five reasons why GOES-S will be such a game-changer for weather forecasts from California to Alaska and beyond.”

Depending on the layout of the city you live in, your urban location has its own weather. The Urban Heat Island Effect plays a bit part in short-term weather and long-term climate data for cities worldwide.

Delaying a reduction in carbon emissions will be nothing short of disastrous. Sea level rise could continue for an estimated 300 years.

Why is studying a continent as remote as Antarctica so important? “What was once thought to be a largely unchanging mass of snow and ice is anything but. Antarctica holds a staggering amount of water.”

According to a new Climate Central analysis, a warming world means our winters will be changing…and we’ll be dealing with less snow and more rain. There’s a good and a bad side to that.

Even though it’s only late February, signs of spring are showing up in  parts of Sweden…including a village where winter never really arrived.

The latest US Drought Portal still shows a significant portion of the southern half of the USA in dry/drought conditions. A detailed look at the drought conditions in a region-by-region format can be found at the US Drought Monitor. Rainfall in many areas has eased the drought conditions temporarily, but the overall trend for much of the Southern Plains is still in Extreme Drought status.

Last but not least…”The publisher of an academic journal beloved by climate science deniers has been revamped to ensure it meets industry standards of peer-review and editorial practice. Its climate science denier editor has also stepped down.” Sometimes you’ve just got to love “karma.”


Better late than never. “Republican Lisa Murkowski Says It’s Time For Her Party To Take Climate Change Seriously.”

And that is a wrap for this post! A sincere welcome to my new followers in social media. I’m glad you’re along for the fun!


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Tornado Quest Science Links Week In Review For December 30, 2017 – January 7, 2018

Greetings everyone! If you live in North America, I hope you’ve handled the recent cold snap well. Many states, including Florida, saw the first snowfall they’ve had in many years. “Bomb Cyclone” was the weather term that was making the rounds in social media. Meanwhile, Australians are sizzling in a brutal heat wave. Truth be known, North America has been the only area on the entire planet that has really been cold as of late. Plenty more to go over, so let’s get started.

For your consideration, here are this week’s links…


Hopefully, your night skies will be clear on 31 January 2018 for Earth’s moon to do something it hasn’t done for 150 years.


Now that Christmas is over, how do you keep that tree from going to a landfill? There are plenty of green options that are beneficial to our environment.


As winter continues, it’s a good idea to re-familiarize yourself with winter weather terminology and the basics of winter weather forecasting.

A very nice overview of the early January “Bomb Cyclone” that affected much of eastern North America.

Speaking of the “Bomb Cyclone,” what does the term mean and why all the attention given to this event?

It’s not cold everywhere. Australians are dealing with a brutal heat wave with temperatures over 115F.

The latest Drought Monitor is out for the start of the new year. As of 2 January 2018, over 147 million people across the USA are experiencing abnormal dryness or drought conditions.

This is an article that can’t be shared enough. It’s an excellent response written by Dr. Marshall Shepherd regarding people using the winter cold as an excuse to refute climate change.

Scientific facts are hard to accept for some people. “A British government-backed research project that coordinates data from tide gauges around the world has hit back at climate science deniers who wrongly accused their scientists of faking findings.”

Evidence is mounting as scientists continue research that can link climate change to specific extreme weather events.

Even without the short-term warming influence of an El Niño event, 2017 was the hottest year globally on record according to NASA data.

That’s a wrap for this post! I’d like to welcome my new followers in social media. It’s nice to have you along for the fun.


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Tornado Quest Science Links Review For September 26 – October 4, 2017

Greetings everyone! For the time being, the tropical Atlantic is rather quiet, but a developing tropical depression could be our next tropical storm moving into the Gulf Of Mexico over the next few days. If it does develop, Nate would be its name. In other areas across the contiguous USA, drought conditions persist. As usual, there are plenty of other topics to touch on…so let’s get started.

For your consideration, here are this week’s links…


Culling through the daily torrent of news can be overwhelming. If you’re not careful, climate change stories that are riddled with bad science can lead you astray.


Knowing where trash on beaches comes from is a good first start in getting it under control. Here’s a good read on a beach audit that reveals which brands are the worst offenders for plastic waste.

Trash on beaches is one thing…but microplastics in your drinking water is another. Recent studies analyzed 159 water samples from both tap water and bottled water in 14 countries and found that over 80% of all samples contained tiny plastic particles. In the USA alone, 94% of water samples contained plastic. Drink up!

A USA National Park ban on plastic bottles saved up to two million plastic bottles from being used and discarded every year. In spite of protests, the Trump administration revered this ban in August 2017.


Starting on October 2, 2017, the National Weather Service will begin simplifying their winter weather watch/warning information. Check out the video here for further details.

Graphic courtesy NOAA

The latest Drought Monitor is out for the USA. Currently, just under 12% of the USA is experiencing dry or drought conditions.

Graphic courtesy US Drought Monitor

Here’s an interesting, but rather technical, read for those wanting to further their knowledge of the complex world of tropical cyclones.

Could post-Hurricane Maria Puerto Rico be in a post-Hurricane Katrina scenario? Here are six reasons why that could happen.

Photographs that are worth a thousand words. Take a look at these startling images of Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria devastated the island.

Florida, like many hurricane-prone areas of the world, is growing in urban sprawl and population…and that has the makings for a disaster.

The time to discuss climate change and it’s relation to hurricanes of recent years is now. To delay in the name of “recovery” is absurd.

Based on National Weather Service data, September 2017 was the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record. As of 4 October 2017, the current season has been the third most active Atlantic tropical season.

Graphics courtesty National Weather Service

If you’re a RadarScope app user, you may wonder what Vertically Integrated Liquid is all about. Here’s a good explanation on what that important part of radar data is all about.


Finances and politics play a big part in attitudes toward climate science. “Most Americans want their government to do more to address climate change—as long as it doesn’t take a big toll on their pocketbooks, according to a new poll.”


The human species is a very quixotic creature. Unfortunately, intelligence and critical thinking are often mutually exclusive. To find evidence of this, one only has to objectively view the variations of human behavior in social media.

That’s a wrap for this post! I’d like to extend a warm welcome to my new followers in social media. Glad to have you along for the fun!


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Atlantic Hurricane Maria Reaches Category 5 Status: Update (7:58 pm CDT) 18 September 2017

Hurricane Maria has intensified rapidly. In the last 24 hours, Maria has gone from a tropical storm to a very dangerous Category 5 storm. Here are the current updates from the National Hurricane Center. 

Hurricane Maria Special Discussion Number 11NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL AL152017

800 PM AST Mon Sep 18 2017

This special advisory is being issued to increase the initial and forecast intensity of Maria.

Recent reports from an Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter aircraft indicate that Maria continues to rapidly strengthen. The aircraft measured SFMR winds of 139 kt in the northwest eyewall and an estimated minimum pressure of 925 mb, based on dropsonde data.

Based on these observations, the initial intensity of Maria has been increased to 140 kt, making Maria a potentially catastrophic category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

Some additional strengthening is possible during the next 24 hours, but fluctuations in intensity are likely due to eyewall cycles and land interaction. No change was made to the previous track forecast, and the extremely dangerous core of Maria is expected to pass over Dominica within the next hour or two.


1. Maria will affect portions of the Leeward Islands and the British and U.S. Virgin Islands as an extremely dangerous major hurricane during the next couple of days, and hurricane warnings are in effect for many of these islands.

2. Maria is likely to affect Puerto Rico as an extremely dangerous major hurricane, and a hurricane warning has been issued for that island.

3. The potential for a life-threatening storm surge, accompanied by large and destructive waves, has increased for the Leeward Islands, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.

4. Life-threatening flash floods and mudslides from heavy rainfall are expected across the Leeward Islands, including Puerto Rico and the U.S. and British Virgin Islands.


INIT 19/0000Z 15.3N 61.1W 140 KT 160 MPH

 12H 19/0600Z 15.7N 61.9W 145 KT 165 MPH

 24H 19/1800Z 16.5N 63.3W 145 KT 165 MPH

 36H 20/0600Z 17.3N 64.7W 140 KT 160 MPH

 48H 20/1800Z 18.2N 66.2W 130 KT 150 MPH

 72H 21/1800Z 20.0N 69.0W 125 KT 145 MPH

 96H 22/1800Z 22.0N 71.5W 120 KT 140 MPH

120H 23/1800Z 25.0N 73.0W 105 KT 120 MPH

Forecaster Brown

A recent satellite image shows Maria has unusually good symmetry in its structure which indicates a very powerful and well organized storm. 

For the latest updates on Hurricane Maria, follow the National Hurricane Center online and on Twitter

Tornado Quest Top Science Links For August 15 – 22, 2017

Greetings everyone! I hope the weather is to your liking in your location. The big storms across the United States this week has been the solar eclipse, the first significant one for almost a century. The tropical Atlantic has been somewhat more active as of late. The major concern at this date (22 August 2017) is the remnants of Tropical Storm Harvey which could bring substantial rainfall totals to much of Texas and possibly Louisiana. There are plenty of other topics to touch on, so let’s get started.

For your consideration, here are this week’s links…


The presence of the troll in social media is nothing new. The sad fact is most anyone can (during a momentary lapse of decorum) can become one.


There is a myriad of hazards from weather and climate conditions. Depending on the time of year and location, bugs can be an even greater hazard…many of which spread diseases for which there is no cure.


Here’s an essay that’s quite good in reminding us of the fact that science, in its best form, is its harshest critic. It’s all part of how the scientific method works.


After thousands of years, solar eclipses are still fascinating to scientists…and that’s a very good thing!

If you get the chance to watch another eclipse, please remember to take the necessary safety precautions.

If you missed the 21 August 2017 eclipse, don’t worry. There are several others in the coming years that will pass across North America.

Over the next 50 years, you can travel to a number of locations around the globe to witness an eclipse.


Here’s some good renewables news. “The increasing presence of wind and solar in the United States helped prevent the premature deaths of up to 12,700 people between 2007 and 2015.”

In consideration of the abundance of bad news, here are some amazingly beautiful images of our incredible home that will offer a visual respite.



For months, several Atlantic hurricane season outlooks have stated that 2017 would be an active year. This still could come to fruition. The most important element to remember; regardless of how many storms form, it only takes one tropical cyclone landfall to make for a major disaster.

Here’s a look at tropical cyclone formation outlooks from NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center from 23 August to 5 September 2017. An active period is anticipated in portions of both the Pacific and Atlantic.

Graphic courtesy Climate Prediction Center

In California, scientists are taking the reigns of climate research in their own hands. Considering the current hostilities toward climate research, this may be necessary for many other USA states.

It may be August, but for parts of Sweden, it’s time for a touch of snow.

Studying climates of the past (paleoclimatology) is important because it can give us glimpses into the climates of the future.


Considering all parties involved, this should come as no surprise to those of us who live in Oklahoma. The Sooner State’s new Attorney General is opposed to the proposed Oklahoma wind farm that could be the largest in the United States.

Nothing good can come from this. “US president Donald Trump’s administration has disbanded a government advisory committee intended to help the country prepare for a changing climate.”

In spite of overwhelming scientific evidence and a global consensus, some of climate change’s most vulnerable victims are the most fervent skeptics of science.

That’s a wrap for this post! I’d like to welcome my new followers in social media. Glad you’re along for the fun. Tornado Quest covers a diverse range of topics including environmental issues, climate change, renewable energy sources, and much more. You’ll find much to enjoy, or provoke thought, with our accounts on Twitter, Instagram, and Tumblr.



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Summer Heat Illness: Potentially Deadly Yet Preventable. #SummerHeat

With the early summer heat that’s forecast for many states, it’s a good idea to review some summer heat safety precautions. The National Weather Service has one of the most comprehensive Heat Safety sites available. You’ll find not only how to stay cool, but how to care for children, pets, and vehicles, but information on ultraviolet (UV) safety and a heat index graphic which shows you (in spite of the actual air temperature) what temperature your body thinks it is and will react to.

Even the heartiest of souls can fall victim to heat illness. Here’s a quick reference infographic on the differences between Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke…the latter of which can easily turn deadly. 

See the Common Heat Related Illnesses tab at the  NWS Heat Safety site for more important details on how this health issue can impact you.

In the meantime, stay cool and hydrated, dress for the weather, and don’t forget the sunscreen!




Tornado Quest Science Week In Review For April 8 – 16, 2017

Greeting’s to everyone! If you’re celebrating the holiday weekend, I hope it’s a good one. For those not celebrating, I hope your spring/autumn is going as well as possible. Here in the USA, the severe weather season is in full swing this week with several days of challenging forecasts. Also, don’t forget the March For Science is coming up on 22 April 2017! This week’s post will be a bit on the brief side due to a developing severe weather setup…so let’s get started.

For your consideration, here are this week’s links…


A disconcerting privacy read. In the process of trying to guard privacy rights, some people are trying to “trash their tracks.” Unfortunately, it doesn’t work that way. Polluting your web history won’t keep you from having your rights violated by nefarious opportunists.


Here’s a good read on spring-time citizen science projects from SciStarter! Why sit on the sidelines when you can take part? Citizen scientists add valuable data to research projects that, in most situations, would be difficult to obtain.

Citizen science and weather go hand-in-hand exceptionally well! Here are four ways you can enjoy citizen science get involved and contribute valuable weather and climate data to data bases and research!


It seems as if wind energy gets less expensive month by month…and that’s some very good news!

The drought in California may by “officially” over, but it’s best to not think it won’t happen again.

Speaking of California, here’s some very good renewables news. On one day in March, 2017, California got fifty percent of it’s electricity from solar power.

NASA has a new Night Light Map that shows patterns of human settlement across our humble home.

Challenging times ahead for the EPA. With air quality in the USA still problematic, the health of millions is at stake.


If this past winter seemed short for much of North America, you weren’t imagining things. For the southwestern USA states in particular, spring is coming earlier every year.

This is the kind of record breaking data that doesn’t bring about smiles. We’ve yet another record breaking month for low Arctic sea ice.

Here’s a very informative Science Friday interview with climate scientist Michael Mann on his recent House Committee on Science, Space, & Technology hearing testimony.

Time is running short. “We Must Reach Peak Carbon Emissions By 2020, Says Former UN Climate Chief.

Weather balloons carry instrument packages that supply invaluable data for forecasting and observations. Check out this video of a weather balloon exploding at 100,000 feet!

The Heartland Institute is at it again…this time will a well oiled PR campaign based on unfounded accusations sans evidence.


NASA continues to be the target of budget cuts that, in the long run, will mean the demise of valuable data that benefits us all.

Now that former Oklahoma AG Scott Pruitt is running the USA’s EPA, some climate change denialists are bemoaning that, “he won’t fight.”

While on that topic, the train wreck continues. “Scott Pruitt Calls For An ‘Exit’ From The Paris Accord, Sharpening The Trump White House’s Climate Rift.”

Last but definitely not least, don’t forget the March For Science is only days away on 22 April 2017! Currently, there are over 500 satellite marches that will be taking place the world over!

That’s a wrap for this post! I’d like to extend a warm welcome to my new followers in social media…glad you’re along for the fun! Interesting times ahead.



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Severe Weather Safety Links To Keep You And Your Family Safe. #WeatherReady (Updated 7 April 2017)

For Monday, April 3, 2017, the Storm Prediction Center is forecasting numerous severe storms across parts of several southern states. The climatological peak of activity isn’t until May…so we’ve several more weeks of active severe weather episodes that may, or may not, materialize. Regardless, best to be prepared. I hope these links are of assistance to you.



One caveat about this category. The two links for the SPC and NWS are excellent sources and the starting point for everyone’s information. As for local broadcast meteorologists, I can only suggest that you watch those which are to your liking…which is extremely subjective…and therefore in the interest of fairness and objectivity, I have no recommendations.


From the Storm Prediction Center (SPC), a concise explanation of risk categories. (Graphic courtesy SPC)

Do you know the difference between a WATCH and a WARNING? (Graphic courtesy NWS Amarillo, TX)

When a Severe Thunderstorm Warning is issued, there is specific criteria that a thunderstorm must meet to be considered severe. You should be aware of those criteria and recognize them if you see them and what safety precautions to take. (Graphic courtesy NWS Birmingham, AL)

Your mobile device can save your life. Make sure your phones, tablets, et al. are charged at all times. (Graphic courtesy NOAA)


  • CoCoRaHS: “”Volunteers working together to measure precipitation across the nations.”
  • mPING: “Weather radars cannot “see” at the ground, so mPING reports are used by the NOAA National Weather Service to fine-tune their forecasts. NSSL uses the data in a variety of ways, including to develop new radar and forecasting technologies and techniques.”

Last but not least on the list of links is one that I know pertains to not a few people…a phobia of thunderstorms, tornadoes, lightning and thunder. It may be no consolation, but I have two bits of encouragement for anyone who suffers with these challenges.

  1. The first three (thunderstorms, tornadoes, and lightning) are obvious hazards, but thunder is harmless. It’s merely the air reacting to the sudden heating caused by the extremely hot lightning bolt. If you’ve ever experienced a static electric shock and heard a small “pop” sound, it’s basically the same thing, only on a larger scale. So let the thunder roar. It is what causes the thunder that you need to be wary of.
  2. Consider where you live or will be during a severe thunderstorm. The chances of the very spot you are in getting the worst of the storm are actually rather small. Let’s say you live in a 2,000 square foot home and a severe thunderstorm warning has been issued for your area. The odds of the highest winds, largest hail, and perhaps flash flooding blasting the structure you’re in is quite small. On a map, you’re a mere speck that is barely seen without a magnifying glass. Let’s take it up a notch a bit an consider tornadoes. In spite of what you see on YouTube, Twitter, Facebook, the local or national news, etc., tornadoes are an exceptionally rare event. Most tornadoes are also in the EF-0 or EF-1 category with maximum winds of perhaps 110 m.p.h. at peak intensity. Most frame homes and commercial buildings will easily sustain a direct hit from a tornado of this strength. Yes, it’ll leave a mess but if you read the safety rules above and take proper precautions, you’ll be fine. Scared? Yes. That’s normal. Our limbic system in our brain (aka fight or flight) is a wonderful part of hundreds of millions of years of evolution that has evolved to give us adrenaline, increased heart rate and respiration, and a host of other reactions that are there for our benefit. Bottom line: have a disaster/severe weather preparedness kit assembled and at-the-ready year round, know what to do in a severe thunderstorm or tornado warning, avoid any lightning dangers, don’t drive or go into flash flooding areas, keep abreast of weather updates with a NOAA weather radio, your mobile device, and/or the broadcast meteorologists of your choice, and you’ll be just fine. Knowledge is power…and you’ll feel more powerful and less fearful with an increased knowledge of storms and what to do when a watch and warning is issued for your location.

Finally…one last word…

Please keep in mind that only NOAA weather radio, your local National Weather Service office, or reliable media are the best sources of important, timely, and potentially life-saving weather information, watches, and warnings! None of the links on this page should be used for life-&-death decisions or the protection of property!

Stay weather aware…and stay safe!



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Tornado Quest Science Week In Review For February 25 – March 4, 2017

Greetings everyone and Happy Meteorological Spring to my friends and followers in the Northern Hemisphere. For many, it’s been an exceptionally warm winter and spring is already throttling up. In the USA, Skywarn spotter classes are ongoing as of this post. Check with your local National Weather Service office to see if there’s a class scheduled near you. And, as has been the case for the last few weeks, science and public policy have been front and center…so let’s get started.

For your consideration, here are this week’s links…


Wind and solar power are gaining major ground in countries across the globe. Considering that change is often difficult, how will the status quo adapt?

Cities around the globe smarten up & go green as 2/3 of world population will live in urban areas by 2030.

Air pollution isn’t just a minor irritation, it’s a major health hazard with lethal implications. Here’s an excellent read on how to deal with and/or avoid potentially deadly poor air quality.

Before the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was formed in the USA, environmental conditions were in a sorry state. It would behoove us to keep that in mind and fight against the threat of retrograding into a new dark age.

While on the topic of air pollution, other countries besides the USA have their share of air quality issues. The problem for USA citizens is their noxious air travels round the globe and eventually reaches us.

Here’s another sobering look at environmental conditions in the USA in the pre-EPA days.


A new earthquake outlook for 2017 highlights Oklahoma and California as the hot-spots for quake activity…so we’ve been warned.


If it seems like spring has come early this year for much of the Northern Hemisphere, you’re not imagining things.

The new GOES-16 weather satellite is sending back amazing high-resolution images!

For the Northern Hemisphere, the first day of meteorological spring occurred on 1 March 2017. Here’s a look back at an unusually warm winter from Climate Central.


Sea surface temperatures and weather/climate are inextricably linked. From the National Weather Service in New Orleans, LA, “The Gulf has remained warm this winter, generally 2-7F above avg now. Pic from the NOAA View Global Data Explorer.”


For the state of California, it was famine to feast in terms of rainfall. Here’s a look at the “atmospheric rivers” that kept the state dry, then inundated it with dangerous flooding conditions.

Speaking of drought, here’s the Climate Prediction Center’s outlook for March, 2017. In spite of recent rains, drought conditions persist or increase across many areas of the plains and southern states.


Though the focus of this article is on the recent heat wave in parts of Australia, it applies to other continents as well. “Climate Scientists Say Likelihood Of Extreme Summers Surging Due To Global Warming.”

What do citizens of the USA think about climate change? This interesting read provides some maps and links to answer that question.

screen-shot-2017-03-01-at-1_22_48-pmPercentage of adults, by state, who think global warming is happening. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication | George Mason Center for Climate Change Communication

An Argentine research base near the northern tip of the Antarctic peninsula has set a heat record at a balmy 63.5° Fahrenheit (17.5 degrees Celsius) according to the World Meteorological Organization.

Severe Weather Safety Link Of The Week: With the severe weather season well underway across the USA, here’s a very comprehensive yet concise overview of severe weather and it’s hazards from the National Weather Service. “Thunderstorms, Tornadoes, And Lightning. Natures Most Violent Storms.” (20 page PDF file)


NOAA is about to take a bit hit from the Trump administration, specifically their satellite division. This is ugly…and it will only get worse. Nefariously draconian comes to mind (considering that much of the life-saving data you benefit from comes from the portion of NOAA that’s under the gun), but that would be to politely generous.

Four Ways NOAA Benefits Your Life Today.” This is a “must-read” by Dr. Marshall Shepherd on the irreplaceable benefits that NOAA and the National Weather Service provide to USA citizens.

Do scientists really lose credibility when they become political? Absolutely not. We need all the scientists involved in the current political climate as possible.

Fighting fire with fire is the only way to deal with the building hostilities toward the scientific community.

Things are bad indeed. “Responding to attacks on scientific expertise and threats to public funding, the growing protest of American scientists might also suggest something about the perceived direness of the state of the world under Trump: If the scientists are organizing, then things must be really bad.”

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has stopped collecting important climate and environmental data. No data = no science = no progress.


A Norwegian news site is on to an excellent way to deal with trolls and/or people who have a “knee-jerk” reaction to a headline and leave hostile and threatening comments. Make them read and article or essay and answer questions about it before they’re allowed to comment. There’s nothing like a little mature, critical thinking to take the place of sophomoric rants.

This disconcerting privacy read will make you think twice about carrying a mobile device in and out of the USA. In case you’re wondering, your Fourth and Fifth Amendment rights don’t apply.

Your privacy in the safety of your own home is also a hazard. Chances are, you are your own worst security risk.

That’s a wrap for this post! I’d like to send out a warm welcome to my new followers in social media. We’re in interesting times…so hang on…lots more fun to come.



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What Does A Particularly Dangerous Situation Tornado Watch mean? #alwx #mswx #flwx

The new Tornado Watch for parts of AL, FL, & a small part of MS is a Particularly Dangerous  Situation (PDS) Tornado Watch. Many folks are not quite sure what that means. From the NOAA Storm Prediction Center’s FAQ, here’s the definition…

2.7 I noticed the wording “THIS IS A PARTICULARLY DANGEROUS SITUATION” in some of your watches. What does this mean? What is the criteria for a PDS watch?
The “Particularly Dangerous Situation” wording is used in Tornado Watches for rare situations when long-lived intense tornadoes are likely. This enhanced wording may also accompany Severe Thunderstorm Watches for widespread significant severe events, usually produced by exceptionally intense derechos. PDS watches are issued, when in the opinion of the forecaster, the likelihood of significant events is boosted by very volatile atmospheric conditions. Usually this decision is based on a number of atmospheric clues and parameters, so the decision to issue a PDS watch is subjective with no hard criteria. However, the SPC goal is to have 3 out of every 4 PDS Tornado Watches verifying with multiple intense tornadoes. PDS watches are most often issued with a High risk in Day 1 Convective Outlooks.”

All watches, regardless of whether they’re the “typical’ Severe Thunderstorm or Tornado Watch, are something you should watch very carefully, but when a PDS watch is issued, a very active severe weather episode is expected with large hail, strong damaging straight line winds, strong to violent (EF-2+) tornadoes and, last but not least, flash flooding along with dangerous lightning are expected. Considering this PDS Tornado Watch is going into the overnight hours, make sure you have at least three ways of receiving warnings, your NOAA weather radio has fresh batteries and is set on standby, your shelter precautions are in place, and you stay very weather aware by following official sources of potentially life saving information. At night, tornadoes are often difficult to impossible to see…so if you’re in a warning, please take shelter immediately. Lastly, follow @NWSSPC, @NWSBirmingham, @NWSMobile, @NWSTallahassee on Twitter and the broadcast meteorologists/media outlets of your choice.

Stay weather aware and stay safe!



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